The Lockheed Hudson was the first modern operational aircraft flown by the RNZAF in World War Two, and served extensively within New Zealand and in the Pacific theatre of operations.

The RNZAF received 94 American-made Hudson bombers in 1941-42 as part of measures to counter the threat of German raiders around the New Zealand coastline. Subsequently, they formed a major part of the RNZAF’s capabilities to counter the threat from Japanese forces in the Pacific, serving operationally at both Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal. The Hudsons were operated by No. 1,2,3,4 and 9 Squadrons in the maritime search and strike operation roles until their replacement in 1943-44 by the more powerful Lockheed Ventura.