The RNZAF received 48 Grumman Avengers in 1943-44 to equip its two torpedo bomber squadrons, Nos. 30 and 31, both of which carried out operational tours in the Pacific during World War Two. In late 1944, 16 were returned to the US Government, and at the end of the War, nine were transferred to the Royal Navy. The RNZAF retained 12 Avengers; six were sold for scrap in 1948, and the remaining six were used for drogue (target) towing and general duties with No. 42 Squadron at Ohakea until 1959.